Message from the Editorial Desk
Aarushi Relan, Editor, IPR, LexGaze
Issue 26 | January 10, 2021
Mrs. Patricia Espinosa, Executive Secretary, the UNFCCC, while observing the role of traditional knowledge in climate change, remarked, “Indigenous people and communities must be a part of the solution of climate change. As traditional knowledge has been rooted from your ancestors, it cannot be understated and is essential in finding solutions to present and future”. However, the increasing rate of bushfires in Australia and similar events across Brazil, India, and some parts of the US have caused extensive disruption to living organisms and have been the media's centre of attraction. With a lot of regions across the globe becoming victims of bushfires due to emissions, global temperature rise, etc., surprisingly, Brazilian forests, which are maneuvered by tribes and indigenous people, had almost 30 times lesser emissions due to their near-zero deforestation rate compared to the forests which were outside such protected areas. In the South Indian State of Andhra Pradesh, the Konda Reddis tribal communities traditionally grow different varieties of crops to minimize the risk of crop failure caused by climate change or other such natural calamities. In Sikkim, the Dzumsa of Lachen have successfully overcome the adverse effects faced by the region due to climate change through the usage of conventional, traditional knowledge. Along similar positive lines, the Bangladeshi indigenous people have developed various floating gardens, in order to tackle the situation of floods. Whereas, in Australia, the groups of aboriginal people have come up with the strategy of igniting small-scale fires in order to prevent intense levels of bushfires. Such instances and efforts signify and remark how traditional knowledge and folklore act as significant Intellectual Property (IP) tools where the community members of the society innovate, to control climate change and protect the environment by their cultural expressions.
The engagement of indigenous communities is perpetually a must in attaining a low-carbon future and in combating the effects of climate change. For starters, indigenous communities are closely linked with the local biodiversity and ecosystem. This means that such communities will be more vulnerable to adverse changes in climate. Secondly, indigenous communities possess the authentic knowledge of the environment, which is quite critical for adapting to a gradual climate change. Volume 2 Issue 1 of The LexGaze Weekly tries to delve deeper into the nuances of TK and TCEs vis-a-vis Intellectual property rights. With the contentment that the readers will have a lot of takeaways from this issue, I wish you all a Happy New Year on behalf of LexGaze.